Best 3 Backend Programming Languages- Helpful Information for Developers

Best 3 Backend Programming Languages

The backend programming language or framework is the one that connects and communicates with the Front end via an API. An application programming interface (API) acts as a channel to transmit data bi-directionally between the app’s frontend and backend.

A frontend is comprised of a combination of static and dynamic pages. Let’s slightly touch on what both types of pages actually mean.

Static page: A page whose content doesn’t get populated by the backend is called a static page. It houses content such as text, images, and videos. For example, About us, Terms of Service, and Privacy Policy pages of a particular website.

Dynamic page: A page whose content gets updated based on the response that it receives from the backend. It also houses similar content as of a static page but again, all of its data comes from the server. It may also contain input controls too.

In the backend, we have server-side scripts in conjunction with DBMS (Database Management System) to house an app’s complete business logic, API layer(s) contains business data and may also include an admin panel.

Speaking of Databases, there are numerous database vendors in the market, for example:

· Oracle SQL

· Postgres SQL

· MySQL

· SQL Server

· SQLite

After glancing out the overall web architecture, let’s discuss the top 3 backend programming languages that are very famous in devs’ communities.

  1. Django
  2. Node.js
  3. ASP.NET | Open-source web framework for .NET

1. Django Backend Programming Framework

Django is the most common Python Web framework that favors fast yet scalable development. Additionally, Python operates on any platform and is also open source. As it comprises a set of modules, it offers a standard way to generate websites fast and effortlessly. Thus, Django’s main objective is to ease the designing of complicated database-driven websites.

Django contains all of the crucial features that one needs to build any sort of a web application. This framework is bundled with Django-Admin, which further facilitates the quick rollout of any given app. Some of its USPs include,

· Simple to use

· Runs on Python

· More interactive

· Time effective

· Features enriched.

· Appropriate for every web development project

· Requires shorter code & little effort

· Covers most tasks and problems

· Supports object-oriented programming

· Powers tool packages (AI, Machine learning)

· Controls REST Framework for Building APIs

2. ASP.NET | Open-source web framework for .NET Backend Programming Framework

ASP.NET | Open-source web framework for .NET is also a programming language for generating dynamic web applications. Moreover, it supports various languages, such as C#, VB.NET Shop, JAVA the Script, etc. Though, the programming logic and content generated distinctly in Microsoft ASP.NET | Open-source web framework for. NET. Also, an ASP.NET | Open-source web framework for .NET page goes through a specific lifecycle. It is completed before the response is directed to the user. Moreover, there are a series of phases that can be monitored for the processing of an ASP.NET | Open-source web framework for .NET page.

a) Page Request: While the page is requested, the server monitors if it is demanded for the 1st time. If so, at that time it requires to compile the page. Also, it analyzes the response and directs it to the user. However, the cache is inspected if the page output occurs.

b) Page Start: At this stage, the response object is used to hold the data, which is directed back to the user.

c) Initialization: Though, at this phase, all the controls on a page are initialized.

d) Page Loading: This is when the web page is truly loaded with all the default principles.

e) Validation: The validation set detects the errors or bugs in page loading.

f) Postback Event Handling: This event is activated if the same web page is being loaded again.

g) Page Rendering: This phase involves the protection of whole data on the form. And the user received the output as a whole web page.

h) Unloading Process: There is no need to keep the ASP.NET | Open-source web framework for .NET webform object in the memory after sending the output to the user. Consequently, the unloading procedure includes eliminating all undesirable stuff from memory.

3. Node.js Backend Programming Framework

Unlike Python, Node.js is a runtime driven language which runs on a V8 engine. It brings event-driven development to the web servers. And just like python, its open source. Additionally, developers may generate scalable servers without applying to thread. They use a straightforward model of event-driven programming that activates callbacks to signal the accomplishment of a task/event. Nonetheless, Node.js links the simplicity of a scripting language (JS) with the command of UNIX network programming. Bundled with MEAN stack, the Node.js backend programming framework has the following remarkable features.

· Scalability (Vertical & horizontal)

· Improved performance.

· Short response time

· Fast implementation

· Advisable backend development option

· Directly compiles the code into machine code

· Supports the non-blocking Input/output operations

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